Nondiscrimination - Title VI, Title VII, Title IX, Section 504, ADA
Federal law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin (Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964); sex (Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972); or disability (Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990) in educational programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance.The Public Schools of Brookline (PSB) is dedicated to creating and maintaining an educational and work environment that values the diverse backgrounds of all people. The PSB desires to provide a safe environment that allows all students and employees equal access and opportunities in the district's academic and other educational support programs, services, and activities. District programs and activities shall be free from discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and bullying based on actual or perceived ancestry, age, color, mental or physical disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression, nationality, race or ethnicity, religion, martial or parental status, sex, sexual orientation; the perception of one or more of such characteristics; or association with a person or a group with one or more of these actual or perceived characteristics. This applies to all acts related to school activities or school attendance under the jurisdiction of the Superintendent.With the aim of assuring equal rights and opportunities within our community and to comply with Federal Laws, State Laws, and State Department of Education regulations concerning these, the PSB reaffirms itself to be an Equal Rights and Opportunities School District. As an Equal Rights and Opportunities School District, it does not discriminate against individuals or groups because of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or handicaps and disabilities. The school district’s commitment to nondiscrimination extends to students, employees, prospective employees, and the community.
WHAT IS TITLE VI?
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq. prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in any program or activity that receives Federal funds or other Federal financial assistance. Programs that receive Federal funds cannot distinguish among individuals on the basis of race, color or national origin, either directly or indirectly, in the types, quantity, quality or timeliness of program services, aids or benefits that they provide or the manner in which they provide them. This prohibition applies to intentional discrimination as well as to procedures, criteria or methods of administration that appear neutral but have a discriminatory effect on individuals because of their race, color, or national origin.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TITLE VI AND TITLE VII?
Title VI prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Title VII prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
WHAT IS TITLE IX?
Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 states that no person in the United States shall on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Sex discrimination under Title IX includes sexual harassment and sexual violence. Sexual Harassment is defined as conduct on the basis of sex that satisfies one or more of the following:
- An employee of the recipient conditioning the provision of an aid, benefit, or service on an individual’s participation in unwelcome sexual conduct.
- Any unwelcome conduct determined by a reasonable person to be so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it effectively denies a person equal access to the recipient’s education program or activity.
- Sexual assault (as defined in the Clery Act), dating violence, domestic violence, or stalking as defined in the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA).
The Title IX Grievance Procedures can also be obtained by clicking this link or in the district’s Office of Student Services.
Notice of Title IX Discrimination Policy
PSB Interim Policy and Grievance Procedures Title IX
TITLE IX TRAINING MATERIALS AND RESOURCES
WHAT IS SECTION 504?
Section 504 is a federal law designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Education (ED). Section 504 provides: "No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States . . . shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance . . . ."The Section 504 regulations require a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified student with a disability who is in the school district's jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. Under Section 504, FAPE consists of the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services designed to meet the student's individual educational needs as adequately as the needs of nondisabled students are met.More information on Section 504 can be found in the School Counseling and Clinical Services pages of the district website.
WHAT IS ADA?
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. The ADA gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications.
Questions or issues regarding discrimination and civil rights should be brought to the attention of the district discrimination and civil rights coordinators:Maria Letasz, Ed.D.Director of Guidance and Clinical ServicesDistrict Title IX, Title VI, and Section 504 Coordinator (students)2 Clark Road
Brookline, MA 02445
(617) 308-6400Joseph RussoInterim Director of Human ResourcesDistrict Title IX Coordinator (employees)Town Hall, 333 Washington Street, 5th Fl
Brookline, MA 02445